As I recall, miniature art dates back to the Medievel ages. Miniature art is a form of art (usually painting, engraving and sculpting) that depicts a certain scene or small figure.
My favourite type of miniature art is that from the Mughal and ottoman period. Ottoman miniaturist would create artwork making you imagine or see certain situations. Many that I have seen include the wars, dinner with guests, the harem and princesses. This form of art is beautiful in it self and for Sultans, the best miniaturist of the land was required.